Oakland Community College



Apprenticeship is a non-paid work experience.
False.  Apprenticeship is an earn-as-you-learn system that also contains a progressive wage schedule.    As the apprentices become more productive, they should be compensated with a higher wage.

Apprenticeship is only a time-based training system.
False. Apprenticeship also recognizes competency and/or performance systems.

Apprenticeship is hands-on training only.
False. Apprenticeship uses a dual approach to training: hands-on and related classroom instruction.  This approach provides an applied education.painting car

Only building and construction occupations are apprenticeable.
Currently, there are nearly 1,000 apprenticeable occupations.

Apprenticeship is only for Caucasian males.
Of the more than 411,000 registered apprentices in 1996, 27 percent
 were minority and 7 percent female.

Who operates and pays for  registered apprenticeship training?
They are operated by private sector employer or labor/management sponsors.
 Program sponsors - not government agencies - usually pay the costs as well as wages to their apprentices.

Apprenticeship is a rigid and inflexible systems.
Apprenticeship programs use industry standards for content, and programs are tailored for sponsors' needs.

Who does registered apprenticeship serve?
In the U.S., some 34,500 (FY 1996) program sponsors offered registered apprenticeship training to approximately 367,700 apprentices.  The programs serve a diverse population including minorities, women, youth and dislocated workers.  At least two-thirds of all apprenticeship training positions were in the construction and manufacturing industries.  Experts agree, however, that apprenticeship has the potential to benefit numerous other industries, as well (e.g., service, retail, public sector).  Thus, the possibilities for expanding apprenticeship- to meet the needs of many more American companies and citizens in search of high quality training opportunities - are virtually unlimited.

What role does government play in apprenticeship?
The National Apprenticeship Act of 1937 authorizes the federal government, in cooperation with the states, to oversee the nation's apprenticeship system.  The U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, in conjunction with State Apprenticeship Agencies, are responsible for registering apprenticeship programs that meet federal and state standards, issuing Certificates of Completion to apprentices, encouraging the development of new programs through marking and technical assistance, protecting the safety and welfare of apprentices, and assuring that all programs provide high quality training to their apprentices.

An idea whose time never went away! It began in the Middle Ages and continues today. The concept of training by apprenticeship is alive and well!

It's the OTHER four year degree program and the only one which pays the student!

Apprentices are paid wages while participating employers teach them state-of-the-art, real-life work skills to enhance career success beyond the time required to complete an apprenticeship.

Nationally there are nearly 1,000 recognized apprenticeable occupations ranging from Accordion Maker to X-Ray Equipment Tester.  Content of training, both on-the-job and related class work, is defined by the sponsoring industry.

Length of Apprenticeship
Length of training is set by the needs of the occupation within an industry.  For Child Care Development Specialist, for example, minimum length is set at 4000 hours over approximately two years of practicum and a minimum of 144 hours of related instruction per year.

Apprenticeship Program Content
Content of apprenticeship programs are market driven.  They are determined by industry needs and are designed to produce workers with skills that are in high demand.

Apprenticeship programs are sponsored by Michigan employers, employer associations, or jointly by management and labor.  An employer/employee relationship must exist. Employers will usually pay all the training costs as well as progressively increasing wages to their apprentices.  The value of the education is equal to or even greater than the cost of a college degree to establish an apprenticeship program.  Since every registered apprenticeship program is operated by private industry, it is private industry that usually pays all the training costs as well as progressively increasing wages to their apprentices.  The value of the education is equal to or even greater than the cost of a college degree!

What if I have a disability?
A disability occurs when a physical or mental condition limits a person's ability to conduct daily activities.  A person using a wheelchair has a disability, as does someone who is blind.  Some people with disabilities have difficulty learning, while others need accommodations in order to work.

Having a disability does not necessarily prevent a person from becoming an apprentice.  There are over 800 apprenticeable occupations with a wide variety of personal, academic, and physical requirements.

For help in determining if you, your son or daughter has what it takes to become an apprentice, contract the nearest office of Michigan Rehabilitation Services.

What if I think that I need some academic skill upgrading prior to applying for an apprenticeship?
Consider taking a class in mathematics (algebra and geometry), drafting and/or blue print reading,  English communication, and physics.  You might also want to consider looking at the Pre-apprentice "Basic Skills" Training workbook/text by Jack Martin.