What is a Paralegal?
Although lawyers assume ultimate responsibility for legal work, paralegals provide
the legal profession with a cost-effective alternative to produce legal work. A paralegal
is not a legal secretary, but instead a vital, educated member of a legal services
team. Paralegals, also known as Legal Assistants, work closely with attorneys to assist
- Performing legal and factual research.
- Drafting documents for filing with courts and agencies.
- Drafting contracts, mortgages, and all manner of legal agreements.
- Organizing trial documents, evidence, preparing witnesses & assisting at trials.
- Many other substantive legal tasks
- A Paralegal may not give legal advice, accept clients, set legal fees, represent themselves
as an attorney or represent clients in a judicial proceeding (court action).
- For more information, see the Michigan Guidelines for Utilization of Legal Assistant
Services or ABA Guidelines for Utilization of Paralegal Services.
Isn't a Paralegal just a Legal Secretary?
|NO! A paralegal is not a legal secretary. The differences are huge. A legal secretary
does what all secretaries and administrative assistants do. They type dictation, organize,
schedule, file, and other vital administrative tasks. Paralegals create legal documents
from scratch, strategize possible responses, research the law, and generally do all
of the tasks of a lawyer except those prohibited by law. (But always under the supervision
of a lawyer.) Often, an experienced paralegal is assigned a legal secretary for support.
Although early in a Paralegal career, some tasks may be administrative. Two main differences
to keep in mind: 1) Paralegals bill the clients for their time just like a lawyer
- secretaries do not. This makes paralegals a revenue generator, not a cost. 2) Paralegals
are expected to be self-directed professionals. This means that they are responsible
for their own professional development and quality of their work product.
Are Paralegal jobs available?
Absolutely… Despite recent downward revisions of employment estimates, the paralegal
career remains one of the fastest growing career fields in the United States. According
to the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Paralegal employment is
expected to grow at 15% for at least the next decade. The Michigan Department of Career Development has forecast that the need for paralegals will grow by 15.5% over a ten-year period ending in 2020. In addition, paralegals’ work is less likely to be offshored than that of other legal workers.
OCC’s program actively assists in career placement and tracks employment of its graduates.
The latest data shows that more than 80% our 2012-2013 graduates are employed as paralegals.
(A significant percentage of these graduates who are not employed as paralegals are
pursuing additional education, including law school.)
In 2018, the following organizations were actively hiring paralegals: Law Firms; Insurance
Companies; Corporate Legal Departments; Hospitals; Local, State and Federal Governments.
Particularly strong growth is seen in the immigration field, although it is still
a small segment of the career.
How much do Paralegals earn?
In Michigan (as of 2018) paralegal median salaries were as follows:
- Midsize firm, 0-2 years exp: $38,500 - 56,000
- Midsize firm, 2-3 years exp: $40,000 - 64,500
- Midsize firm, 4-6 years exp: $51,500 - 75,250
- Top Earners: $78,250 - 104,500 (Additional combined skills such as project management, accounting, and computer information
Paralegal employment also typically includes benefits such as health, retirement,
Source: Robert Half 2018 Legal Salary Guide. These values are consistent with national averages
What is the cost of tuition?
|Unlike private schools and public universities, OCC is financially supported by both
the state of Michigan and Oakland County. This support allows OCC to maintain a high-quality program and still charge affordable
tuition. Learn more about tuition and fees. OCC is truly an educational bargain. For students who qualify, financial aid is available. OCC’s paralegal program also qualifies for many retraining programs. Book costs are out of our control, but there are many options
such as renting to reduce costs. Budget $100 a course for books.
Ten reasons to enroll in OCC's Paralegal program
If you’re looking for a career in this exciting field, OCC has a top quality program
specifically designed for you and your goals.
- OCC provides a recognized, high quality paralegal education.
- All faculty are attorneys, judges, or qualified paralegals who love to teach.
- Classes are small; students build professional relationships with faculty.
- OCC students get personalized attention, free tutoring, and technical support.
- 93% of paralegal employers would recommend OCC paralegals to others.
- The OCC Paralegal Program provides career assistance and internship opportunities
with high placement rates.
- If you already have a bachelor's degree and are looking to switch careers, the program
can be completed in 1 year.
- If you do not have a bachelor's degree, you can earn an associate’s degree in paralegal,
start your paralegal career or transfer to a 4 year institution to complete your degree
in less time and with lower costs.
- If you are planning to go on to law school, the practical education in OCC's Paralegal
Program will give you marketable skills which will give you a distinct advantage in
- This program is Approved by and a member of the American Bar Association, a member
of the American Association for Paralegal Education, and a member of the State Bar
of Michigan, Paralegal Section.
Is the program approved by the American Bar Association?
Yes. The program has been approved by the American Bar Association (ABA) for a number of years and just recently underwent an extensive review by the ABA. The result of the review was that the ABA has extended
its approval of the program.
Do not be fooled! Online Paralegal programs and Non-ABA approved programs make it
extremely difficult to find a quality paralegal job. "Despite projected much faster-than-average
employment growth, competition for jobs is expected. [Those] formally trained [in
ABA-approved programs] ... should have the best employment opportunities." - US Department
Is the program or its faculty involved in the Paralegal community?
|Yes. This program is approved by and a member of the American Bar Association, a member of the American Association for Paralegal Education, and a member of the State Bar of Michigan, Paralegal Section. It also maintains contacts with several local bar associations including the Oakland County Bar Association and the Detroit Metropolitan Bar Association.
Which program do I enroll in?
Is there an application deadline?
|Effective for the fall 2019 semester OCC will no longer have an application deadline
for fall or winter admission. There are still financial aid deadlines. Once admitted to OCC, you must be admitted to the Paralegal
program which can be done up until the start of classes.
How do I enroll in the program?
- Apply to OCC - Choose PLG.APP as your program of study (If you are an existing student, change
your program of study to PLG.APP)
- Contact the Paralegal Program Coordinator:
Professor and Temporary Program Coordinator
At which campus are the classes offered?
|The paralegal core classes are offered at the Orchard Ridge Campus in Farmington Hills.
Some classes will also meet at the Oakland County Circuit Court in Pontiac. Prerequisites
and required supportive courses may be taken at any campus.
How long does it take to complete the program?
If you already have a bachelor’s degree, our Post Bachelor’s Certificate Program takes only 1 academic year. (If you are a full-time day student, you could complete this sequence in as little as 9 months - September
- May. Full-Time night students can complete it in 12 months September - August.)
If you are seeking an associate’s degree, most students can complete the program in 2 years. This time is mostly affected
by general education requirements for all degrees. The paralegal program itself only
takes one academic year.
Is there an internship option?
Yes. It is a highly recommended program option. As part of the internship program, students have the opportunity to:
- Work with other legal professionals.
- Apply the information learned in the classroom to real-life situations.
- Learn job skills that will help when they are employed after graduation.
- Develop a better understanding of paralegal work.
- Build their resume experience and networking contacts.
Can I transfer my credits to a University to pursue a Bachelor/s Degree?
Yes! OCC’s paralegal program has specific agreements with both Eastern Michigan and
Madonna University which allow you to transfer all your paralegal credits and obtain
a full bachelor’s degree in only 1 additional year. This is a huge savings in time
and money. Other universities may have different transfer policies. If you are planning to transfer, meet with our counseling department to get the details.
Can I transfer to law school after the OCC Paralegal program?
Yes. However, most law schools require a bachelor’s degree for admission. If you do
not have a bachelor’s degree, we advise that you take advantage of our time and money
saving transfer options. If you plan on becoming an attorney, the practical education
given by our program when added to the law school theory will give you marketable
skills which many legal employers require. We are not primarily a pre-law program,
but many students do use us that way.
Can I transfer Paralegal Credits from another institution to OCC?
Yes. However, the American Bar Association requires that any course substitutions
be approved by the Program Coordinator before starting the Paralegal Program.
Policy on Transfer of Paralegal Credits:
The OCC Paralegal Program will accept Paralegal college credits only if from an ABA
approved program and equivalent to a required course in our program. All such transfers
must be approved by the Paralegal Program coordinator. A minimum of ten paralegal
credit hours must be taken at OCC to earn a degree or certificate. Students should
see a counselor to initiate this process.
Does OCC's Paralegal program offer continuing Paralegal education?
No. As a college degree and professional certificate program, we focus on college
credit classes. However, many local paralegals and even the occasional attorney take
our Special Topics courses for continuing education purposes.
What do Paralegal students learn in classes?
The Paralegal program courses include Legal Research and Writing, Litigation, Substantive
Law (torts, contracts & property), Trial Preparation, Legal Ethics, and Special Topics.
All courses are taught in a practical, career-focused manner.
How do I graduate from the program?
Once you have completed the requirements for either the Post Bachelor’s Certificate
program or the associate’s degree, you must apply for graduation.